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Week 3

Week 3 starts from day 15 and ends on day 22. It starts at the end of the ovulation stage. There is an increase in progesterone levels while there is a massive drop of testosterone and estrogen during the initial half of the third week. The first half of the third week feels like premenstrual syndrome (PMS).

Week 2

During the second week of pregnancy, you are not officially pregnant, it’s just that the doctors count the pregnancy immediately after the first day of your last menstrual period. However, during this stage, the body starts undergoing some changes in order to prepare it for your pregnancy journey. The hormonal levels get triggered during this stage and the body prepares itself to enter the ovulation phase. The egg starts maturing and enters the fallopian tube at the end of the second week. After this stage, the ovulation phase occurs which then enters the period of conception.

The size, weight & height of the baby:

The most commonly asked question by mothers is “how big the baby at this stage?” However, as there isn’t any embryo or baby yet, it’s too early to measure any size, weight or height of your baby.

About your baby:

As there’s no embryo, your body’s hormonal levels are triggering and preparing for conception. These hormones include follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and estrogen. They enhance the maturation of the egg and release it for conception. At the second week, your baby is usually conceived when the egg reaches the fallopian tube and stays there for 16 to 24 hours. From there, the egg also receives the chromosomes from you and your spouse to form your baby’s genes. After 24 hours of conception, the fertilised zygote or egg divides to form multiple cells in order to reach the fallopian tube.

About your body:

As it is very early to identify major changes in you, the prominent sign present during this stage is that the mother is ready for ovulation. The most common symptoms during the ovulation stage include increased basal body temperature, altered cervical mucus which appears thin, stretchy or egg-like. You’ll also experience enhanced smell sense with breast tenderness, abdominal pain, slight spotting, enhanced tenderness of breasts and increased libido.

Do & Don’ts:

  • Track your menstrual cycle
  • Get an ovulation test
  • Evaluate your cervical mucus
  • Start taking prenatal vitamins
  • Start to adopt a balanced and healthy lifestyle by performing exercises regularly, eating a balanced diet and maintain hydration
  • Get restful sleep

Week 1

Pregnancy is usually counted just after you are done with your last period. It is done by the doctors to evaluate the accurate day of your conception. During the first week of pregnancy, the body starts preparing for the major event to occur to take place in your life where you’ll deliver your bundle of joy.

The size, weight and height of your baby:

Such measurements are not needed during the first week of pregnancy as there is no baby formation during this week.

About your baby:

During the first week of pregnancy, there is no baby formation. The egg which was released during the first week starts to mature in order to fertilise. During this period, 20 eggs are located within the ovarian follicles where they start to mature for the ovulation phase during the next month where only one or two eggs are released within the fallopian tubes for fertilisation process.

About your body:

During week one, your body gets rid of the previous egg and the uterine lining, also known as menstruation.. In a female’s body, there are around 20 eggs which are present in the ovaries in order to release during next month’s ovulation period and only one of them reaches the fallopian tubes for fertilisation. The body during the first week is beginning to prepare for the pregnancy. It is known as the ovarian cycle where the body enters the follicular phase. During this stage, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) is released which causes immature follicles to get ready for ovulation. But during five or seven days after your period, one egg gets matured enough with increased blood supply and increases the release of estrogen. This leads to the thickness of the uterine lining.

Even though there is no fetal development, start gearing up for a healthy pregnancy while following a healthy lifestyle. You will experience sight bloating because of fluid retention during this week. Other individuals may also experience cramps and abdominal tenderness. Other than that, you might experience headaches, backache, mood swings, tender breasts, fatigue, diarrhea, constipation, sleep disturbance, and others.

Do & Don’ts:

  • Start a healthy diet
  • Avoid substances like caffeine, tobacco, carbs, fats or others
  • Perform light exercises and get restful sleep
  • Start taking prenatal vitamins

About Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a painful condition where the tissue covering the uterus (endometrium) outgrows the uterus leading to the involvement of the reproductive system. Endometriosis results in the involvement of fallopian tubes, ovaries along with the pelvis lining.

Pros And Cons Of An Epidural

It’s no secret that giving birth to a child is the most painful moment, yet the decision on whether to seek an epidural or not depends on your and your family. Using an epidural means having less pain during delivery-however, most mothers do not fully understand an epidural and resort to experiencing natural pain during delivery.

Ovulation Calculator

If you are planning your pregnancy, it is essential for you to understand your ovulation cycle in order to increase your chance of conceiving. You need to know when you ovulate in order to time when you and your partner should engage in sexual intercourse – during the period when you are most fertile.

Getting Ready For Baby Weaning

Babies are so adorable they make you want to hold them forever. While this is true, we also want them to grow into advanced stages.

This involves their food and liquid intake as a whole. Experts agree that babies be started on solids from 6 months and never before 4 months as their digestive system may not be matured enough. At this stage, your baby’s body requires much-needed iron supply and other nutrients. Breastfeeding can’t provide all the necessary nutrients.

Why are solids so important?
At 6 months old, the baby’s reserve of iron and important nutrients will begin to wane. These nutrients are necessary for improved health and general growth. Again, starting solids introduces your baby’s taste buds to different meals, textures and tastes. Babies also learn how to chew and eat at this stage. More calories are needed for faster development in babies.

Indications your baby is ready for solid meals
You have to take note of signs and behavioral patterns of your baby. These signs will guide you on when and how to kick-start semi-solids or solids. Generally, a good head and neck support and coordination is a perfect indicator. Sitting upright with good upper body strength is also a sign of development and readiness for solids. A keen appetite and a desire to eat what adults are eating is also another sign that they are ready for solids. Another indicator is opening their lovely mouth at the sight of a spoon.

Sometimes babies appear unsatisfied with only breast milk. Again, they try to chew and gnaw at the food instead of inadvertently pushing it out. Babies feed for longer durations at this stage of their development.

Ideal semi-solids/solids for a 6 month old baby
Food type and texture matter a lot. You don’t want to start this on the wrong foot. It’s okay to start off with something light, mashed up and easy to swallow. Babies are different and what one likes may not apply to another. Different food textures are needed. But generally, solids rich in iron and basic nutrients must be included. Foods rich in iron include poultry, fish, minced meat legumes and egg.

Don’t forget your greens. Vegetables are important. Again, grains, fruits, and dairy products are vital at this stage. Examples of such foods are apple, banana, oats, bread, carrot, cheese and yogurt. You can make combinations out of these solids for best results.

Be sure to watch out for signs of hunger. Also, you can continue breastfeeding while feeding your baby solids.

Semi-solids/solid foods to avoid at this stage
At 6 months old, your baby is at the right stage for introducing solid meals. Foods to avoid for now include nuts and the likes until about 3 years old (this is a genuine health risk). Others are honey, raw eggs and the like, goat and sheep milk should be avoided until 2 years old. These semi-solids and solids are for later stages of development.

Allergies associated with starting semi-solids and solids
Under no circumstances should solids be introduced before 4 months. Doing this may increase the risk of allergies, which could range from being mild to severe. Parents with history of allergies should also be mindful and should always introduce one new food each time. This will help gauge the baby’s reaction to such food.

In summary, do visit a qualified pediatrician or allergist to allay your fears.